On September 28-29 CODESRIA in partnership with the Université des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines de Bamako organized an international policy dialogue conference on the theme ‘Security regimens in Africa’ in Bamako, Mali. The conference brought together around 60 researchers, policy makers and practitioners from twenty African countries, the US, the UK France, Haiti and Jamaica. A total of around 30 presentations were made over two days that addressed a multiplicity of issues. These included the financing of terrorism, the militarization of many societies in response to threats, the problematic role of the great powers in questions of security in African countries and the challenges of coordinating the multiple levels of responses to security threats. The role that African intellectuals can and are playing in these security challenges and responses to them as well as how states are shaping and being shaped by these security challenges were all discussed.