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December 2013

CODESRIA NEWSLETTER / LA LETTRE D’INFORMATION DU CODESRIA

Summary

INTRODUCTION TO CODESRIA’S NEWSLETTER
PRESENTATION DE LA LETTRE D’INFORMATION DU CODESRIA
For my generation, the death of Mandela marks the end of Africa’s liberation struggle
The Mandela I Knew
ADIEU MANDELA
Hamba Kahle, Madiba: the contestation between symbolism and mythology
The Logic of Nuremberg (La logique de Nuremberg)
De l’Afrique marginalisée à l’Afrique émergente : critique de deux mythes contemporains (From marginalized Africa to Africa rising: critique of two contemporary myths)
Egypt: Revolution or Restoration? (Egypte: révolution ou restauration?)
Le plaidoyer de Joseph Ki-Zerbo pour l’Afrique : Savoirs endogènes et positions stratégiques pour l’auto-développement (The advocacy of Joseph Ki-Zerbo for Africa: Endogenous knowledge and strategic positioning for self-development)
Invitation: We’d like your views! / Invitation: Votre avis nous intéresse !
CODESRIA wins Latin American and Caribbean Regional Integration Award 2013
La base de données bibliographique du CODESRIA accessible en ligne (CODESRIA’s bibliographic database is now accessible online)
L’institut sur le genre 2013 : « Les sexualités africaines : théories, politiques et actions » Gender institute 2013: “African sexualities: theories, policies and actions”
La protection et les droits citoyens des enfants autour de la table (Roundtable discussion on the protection and human rights of children)
Les enjeux et défis des relations Inde-Afrique (Issues and Challenges of India-Africa relationships)
Tanzania: Scholars Call for Home-Grown Solutions to Africa’s Conflicts (Tanzanie: Les chercheurs appellent des solutions Home-Grown à des conflits de l’Afrique)
CODESRIA Bulletin, Nos 1 & 2, 2013
Teaching and Learning in Context: Why Pedagogical Reforms Fail in Sub-Saharan Africa by Richard Tabulawa
Coloniality of Power in Postcolonial Africa: Myths of Decolonization
Values and Development in Southern Africa
Les réformes du secteur public en République démocratique du Congo
Claim No Easy Victories: The Legacy of Amilcar Cabral
Silence Would Be Treason: Last writings of Ken Saro-Wiwa
International Society for African Philosophy and Studies (ISAPS) 20th Annual Conference
Call for papers: Critical perspectives on BRICS
Declaration of the African Coalition for Corporate Accountability (ACCA)
The Rise and the Fall of the South African Peasantry by Colin Bundy
Nouvelle profanation de la tombe présumée de Thomas Sankara
Caribbean CSOs Speak Out On Dominican Republic Ruling
US interventions in East Africa: from the Cold War to the ’war on terror’
UNCTAD and the Post 2015 Agenda
Are Developing Countries Waving or Drowning?
Critique de livre: VOLLAND-NAIL, Patricia : Stratégies de publication scientifique

Features / Chroniques

INTRODUCTION TO CODESRIA’S NEWSLETTER

Ebrima Sall Executive Secretary Welcome to the first issue of the CODESRIA Newsletter that aims to be a source of regular information about the work of CODESRIA and its partners. It will also seek to stimulate discussion around the most important issues facing the continent of Africa. These are functions that CODESRIA Bulletin and its predecessor, Africana, have been serving for more than three decades. However, social realities are evolving rapidly and in increasingly complex ways. (...)

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PRESENTATION DE LA LETTRE D’INFORMATION DU CODESRIA

Ebrima Sall, Secrétaire Exécutif Bienvenue au premier numéro de la Lettre d’information du CODESRIA ! Fournir des informations régulières sur le travail du CODESRIA et de ses partenaires tout en stimulant le débat autour des grandes questions auxquelles est confronté le continent africain, tel est l’objectif assigné à cette Lettre d’information du CODESRIA. Il s’agit là d’un objectif qui était depuis plus de trois décennies assumé par le Bulletin du CODESRIA et son prédécesseur Africana. Mais (...)

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For my generation, the death of Mandela marks the end of Africa’s liberation struggle

Thandika Mkandawire Blog Editor LSE’s African Chair Thandika Mkandawire suffered imprisonment for his role in the struggle for the independence of Malawi and 30 years of exile. In this post, he writes about the role Nelson Mandela played in inspiring his generation of political activists. It is difficult to write about Nelson Mandela without sounding sycophantic or as if engaged in uncritical hero worship. Mandela’s stature and personality left little room for other sentiments other than (...)

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The Mandela I Knew

Saths Cooper During my incarceration in the same single-cell block in Robben Island Maximum Security Prison with Nelson Rohihlala Mandela between 1977 to 1982 I got to know him intimately and had the advantage of interacting with him on a daily basis. These were less than ideal conditions, often fraught with the tensions that accompany incarceration, but such hardships provide the opportunity for the best and worst in ourselves to emerge. The perspicacity of the man was demonstrated the (...)

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ADIEU MANDELA

par Samir Amin Mandela a quitté ce monde, mais pas le cœur et l’esprit de tous les peuples épris de liberté et d’égalité. Militant de l’ANC dès son plus jeune âge, face à l’apartheid – le racisme officialisé – dont le régime odieux restera l’ami de toutes les Puissances occidentales jusqu’à son dernier souffle, il fait, après les massacres de Sharpeville en 1961, l’option de la lutte armée. Il est arrêté en 1962 et condamné à la prison perpétuelle. La lutte continue. Le peuple africain, par ses révoltes (...)

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Hamba Kahle, Madiba: the contestation between symbolism and mythology

The process of mythologizing represents a contestation between symbolism and mythology, writes Firoze Manji. The greatest disservice that we could pay to Mandela is to allow the complexity, courage and humanity of his long life to be reduced to a fairy tale. Mandela represents for so many the finest values of courage, liberation and freedom. Firoze Manji As Mandela passes on to join the ancestors, a wave of sadness sweeps the entire planet. There can be few places and few people who are (...)

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The Logic of Nuremberg (La logique de Nuremberg)

Mahmood Mamdani Where mass violence is involved, writes Mamdani, there is always a choice between the judicial approach, enforced by the victors or by external powers, which tends to exclude the losing parties from any political settlement, and negotiation, which necessarily involves all parties in discussions about the future, whatever the crimes they have committed. After the Cold War, our response to mass violence has largely been determined by the model of Nuremberg: in Rwanda or (...)

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De l’Afrique marginalisée à l’Afrique émergente : critique de deux mythes contemporains (From marginalized Africa to Africa rising: critique of two contemporary myths)

Ndongo Samba SYLLA A la fin des années 90, on disait que l’Afrique est marginalisée par la mondialisation. Ce constat s’appuyait sur un déclin supposé de la part du continent africain dans le commerce mondial et dans les flux d’investissements directs étrangers. Au début du XXIe siècle, l’Afrique est paradoxalement présentée comme un continent « émergent », l’une des régions qui pourra bientôt servir de moteur à la croissance économique mondiale. Cet optimisme repose généralement sur l’observation du niveau (...)

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Egypt: Revolution or Restoration? (Egypte: révolution ou restauration?)

Aijaz Ahmad: Egypt: Revolution or Restoration? In less than three years—January 2011 to August 2013— Egypt has experienced two massive uprisings of historically unprecedented scale. The first of these uprisings broke the impasse that had beset Egyptian politics since the defeat of 1967— especially since the advent of Sadat at the helm of the Egyptian state— and in the process overthrew the Mubarak dictatorship. The second, more recent and even larger uprising, dubbed by some as ‘June 30 (...)

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Le plaidoyer de Joseph Ki-Zerbo pour l’Afrique : Savoirs endogènes et positions stratégiques pour l’auto-développement (The advocacy of Joseph Ki-Zerbo for Africa: Endogenous knowledge and strategic positioning for self-development)

Joseph Ki-Zerbo nous a quitté le 4 Décembre 2006. A l’occasion du 7ème anniversaire de son décès, nous nous intéressons à son œuvre léguée pour un véritable développement de l’Afrique, qu’il a présenté comme étant le Berceau et l’Espoir de l’Humanité. Le legs de Joseph Ki-Zerbo contenu notamment dans ses six livres posthumes publiés par la Fondation qui porte son nom : « Repères pour l’Afrique » en 2007 ; « Histoire critique de l’Afrique » en 2008, « Regards sur la société africaine » en 2009, « A propos de (...)

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Viewpoints / Opinions

Invitation: We’d like your views! / Invitation: Votre avis nous intéresse !

We invite readers to send us their viewpoints on any of the above questions. Send your contributions (of no more than 1500 words) to editor.news codesria.sn. What will Africa look like in 2063? | CODESRIA is 40 years old. If CODESRIA didn’t exist, would you invent it today? | How has CODESRIA changed you? Have you benefitted from your interaction with CODESRIA? If so, how? Invitation: Votre avis nous intéresse ! Nous invitons les lecteurs à nous envoyer leurs points de vue sur l’une des (...)

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Announcements / Annonces

CODESRIA wins Latin American and Caribbean Regional Integration Award 2013

This was the first time that the award, which CLACSO has been giving out for several years now, was given to a non-Latin American or non-Caribbean institution. The full text of the acceptance speech by Ebrima Sall, Executive Secretary of CODESRIA can be found here.

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La base de données bibliographique du CODESRIA accessible en ligne (CODESRIA’s bibliographic database is now accessible online)

Dans le souci de satisfaire les besoins d’information des chercheurs en sciences sociales et de participer à la vulgarisation de la production scientifique africaine, le Centre de documentation, d’information et de communication du CODESRIA (CODICE) vient de mettre en ligne sa base de données bibliographique. La base de données bibliographique est présentée sous une plateforme très conviviale, ce qui permet au chercheur de faire facilement et aisément ses recherches. Elle est accessible à (...)

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Reports / Rapports

L’institut sur le genre 2013 : « Les sexualités africaines : théories, politiques et actions » Gender institute 2013: “African sexualities: theories, policies and actions”

Au cours de la dernière décennie, la recherche sur les questions relatives au genre et aux sexualités a commencé à influencer les discussions dans le domaine des sciences sociales. Autrefois limité à la discussion sur le VIH et sur le sida, le débat sur les sexualités aujourd’hui s’intéresse aux questions d’identité et de démocratie, au fossé entre réforme juridique et changement socioculturel, et à comment nous devons comprendre les « économies sexuelles ». En 2012, l’Institut sur le Genre du CODESRIA a (...)

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La protection et les droits citoyens des enfants autour de la table (Roundtable discussion on the protection and human rights of children)

La session 2013 de l’Institut annuel de formation de jeunes chercheurs sur l’Enfance et la Jeunesse qui a eu lieu du 16 septembre au 04 Octobre 2013 s’est bien déroulée. Les Jeunes chercheurs ont, au cours de la séance d’évaluation, montré leur satisfaction d’avoir participé à cet atelier organisé sous la direction de Professeur Auma Okwany. Un des points forts de l’atelier de formation a été la table ronde du 3 Octobre 2013 sur le thème : « Protection sociale et droits citoyens des enfants vulnérables en (...)

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Les enjeux et défis des relations Inde-Afrique (Issues and Challenges of India-Africa relationships)

Le CODESRIA, en partenariat avec l’Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA) et l’Ambassade de l’Inde à Dakar a organisé, les 17 et 18 octobre 2013 à Dakar, une conférence sur le thème «Inde- Afrique francophone : enjeux et défis». Universitaires, chercheurs, décideurs et membres de la société civile ont pris part à la rencontre qui, outre les relations entre l’Afrique fr ancophone et l’Inde a débattu des relations entre l’Inde et l’Afrique toute entière. La Conférence de Dakar, a mis l’accent sur les (...)

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Tanzania: Scholars Call for Home-Grown Solutions to Africa’s Conflicts (Tanzanie: Les chercheurs appellent des solutions Home-Grown à des conflits de l’Afrique)

Scholars have reiterated the need for African solutions to perennial civil and territorial conflicts that keep tearing the continent apart. Dons and researchers from the Great Lakes region who are meeting here to find ways of solving conflicts in the region said the continent’s forefathers knew better ways and methods of peace-keeping. Through the Council for Development of Social Research in Africa (CODESRIA), the scholars have been brainstorming to address the situation in an ongoing (...)

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CODESRIA Bulletin / Bulletin du CODESRIA

CODESRIA Bulletin, Nos 1 & 2, 2013

• Editorial: Research and Africa’s Independence, Transformation and Unity • New Directions and Priorities for Research in Africa: More Think Pieces Social Stratification and Nomadism in Africa, Amady Aly Dieng • African Unity, Religion, and Philosophy, Souleymane Bachir Diagne Africa-centered Research in the Context of the New Industrialization, Bernard Founou-Tchuigoua • Fulfilling the CODESRIA Mandate in a new Context, Fabien Boulaga • The Social Foundations of Research and the Need for (...)

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CODESRIA Books / Livres du CODESRIA

Teaching and Learning in Context: Why Pedagogical Reforms Fail in Sub-Saharan Africa by Richard Tabulawa

Teaching and Learning in Context: Why Pedagogical Reforms Fail in Sub-Saharan Africa attempts to explain why pedagogical change has not occurred in spite of the much energy and resources that have been committed to such reforms. It takes us inside what the author calls ‘the socio-cultural world of African classrooms’ to help us understand the reasons teachers dominate classroom life and rely disproportionately on didactic methods of teaching. Its conceptual analyses capture the best of both (...)

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Coloniality of Power in Postcolonial Africa: Myths of Decolonization

by Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni This lively book interrogates the African postcolonial condition, with a focus on the thematics of liberation predicament and the long standing crisis of dependence (epistemological, cultural, economic, and political) created by colonialism and coloniality. A sophisticated deployment of historical, philosophical and political knowledge – in combination with the equi-primordial concepts of coloniality of power, coloniality of being, and coloniality of knowledge (...)

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Values and Development in Southern Africa

edited by Hans Müller, Pinkie Mekgwe and Marvellous Mhloyi This book focuses on the social and cultural dimensions of development dynamics and, in particular, the role of values in shaping development. Values are at the core of the hopes and aspirations of individuals, communities and societies. The book therefore explains the values that motivate and inform African communities and societies, with a view to facilitating a dialogue about sustainable development in Africa among academics, (...)

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Les réformes du secteur public en République démocratique du Congo

Sous la direction de Camille Welepele Elatre & Hubert Ntumba Lukunga L’éventail des contributions contenues ici pose en toile de fond la problématique du secteur public, de sa conception et de son rôle en matière de développement en Afrique, la nécessité de reformer l’Administration publique africaine ayant toujours été le leitmotiv des dirigeants politiques et chercheurs en sciences sociales. Cet impératif trouve son explication du fait que les sociétés traditionnelles africaines n’ont pas connu (...)

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Claim No Easy Victories: The Legacy of Amilcar Cabral

Edited by Firoze Manji & Bll Fletcher Jr. Co-published with Daraja Press. A unique collection of essays from engaged intellectuals and activists from across the African continent and internationally on the critical importance of Amilcar Cabral, marking the 40th anniversary of Cabral’s assassination in 1973.

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Silence Would Be Treason: Last writings of Ken Saro-Wiwa

Edited by Ide Corley, Helen Fallon, Laurence Cox. Co-published with Daraja Press. An outstanding and unique collection of letters and poems smuggled from detention before Saro-Wiwa was brutally hanged in 1995. The book has recently been reviewed at http://www.opendemocracy.net/ken-saro-wiwa-biodun-jefiyo/from-silence-would-be-treason-last-writings-of-ken-saro-wiwa

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News and Information / Actualités et informations

International Society for African Philosophy and Studies (ISAPS) 20th Annual Conference

International Society for African Philosophy and Studies (ISAPS) 20th Annual Conference: Conference theme: Re-thinking African Identity and Culture 20th Annual Conference of the ISAPS
International Society for African Philosophy and Studies
30th to 31st May, 2014,
Department of Philosophy, in conjunction with the Fort Hare Institute for Social and Economic Research (FHISER), Fort Hare University, Eastern Cape, Chintsa, South Africa. Conference organisers: Dr Rianna Oelofsen, Prof Leslie Bank, (...)

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Call for papers: Critical perspectives on BRICS

For publication in March 2014, Edited by Patrick Bond and Ana Garcia: We welcome articles about BRICS from a critical perspective. There are many avenues for publishing about the BRICS from an optimistic, uncritical standpoint, not least the BRICS governments’ own academic ‘think tank’ network and the mainstream media. But social movements, labour organizations and other active citizens need analyses that advance the cause of justice, that do not suffer a failure of investigative nerve, and (...)

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Declaration of the African Coalition for Corporate Accountability (ACCA)

Declaration of the African Coalition for Corporate Accountability (ACCA) Launched in Accra, Ghana on 27 November 2013 We, the undersigned organisations, some of which came together in 2012 to create a regional coalition for corporate accountability, announce our intention to launch the African Coalition for Corporate Accountability (ACCA). We, the undersigned organisations, support African communities and individuals whose human rights are adversely impacted daily by the activities of (...)

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The Rise and the Fall of the South African Peasantry by Colin Bundy

Historicizing the African Peasantry with Colin Bundy Chambi Chachage Colin Bundy’s (1979) seminal book on The Rise and the Fall of the South African Peasantry, aptly dedicated to the Marxist ANC/SACP leader and author of The Peasant Revolt, Govan Mbeki (1964), is an attempt at a “corrective history” of the South African peasantry. It is a counter to the then “dominant prevailing liberal tradition of South African historiography,” which “posit[ed] the fundamental and inherent weakness of the (...)

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Nouvelle profanation de la tombe présumée de Thomas Sankara

C’est avec consternation que les membres de la CIJS apprennent, ce 18 novembre 2013 de Ouagadougou, la nouvelle d’une nouvelle profanation de la tombe présumée de Thomas Sankara. Thomas SANKARA a été assassiné le 15 Octobre 1987 en compagnie d’une dizaine de ses camarades, vraisemblablement victimes d’un complot international et local. Le certificat de décès faisait état d’une « mort naturelle », et aucune explication sur les circonstances de leur mort n’a jamais été donnée; il n’existe aucune certitude (...)

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Caribbean CSOs Speak Out On Dominican Republic Ruling

We the representatives of Caribbean Civil Society Organizations meeting at the XIII IDB Civil Society Reunion in Cali Colombia from the 13th -15th of November 2013 stand in solidarity with the many voices that have been calling for a humane and just resolution to the situation facing the descendants of migrants in the Dominican Republic from 1929 especially the 200, 000 or more Haitian descendants affected by the ruling made on September 23rd 2013 by the Constitutional Court of the (...)

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US interventions in East Africa: from the Cold War to the ’war on terror’

Amrit Wilson During the Cold War years, while British colonialists were being driven out of East Africa, the first US intervention in the region occurred in Zanzibar. It proved to be a model - many aspects of which are being repeated in the ’War on Terror’. In Britain, the attack on the upmarket Westgate shopping mall in Kenya in which 130 people lost their lives, is rapidly fading from public memory, already ascribed to just another act of ’mindless violence’ perpetrated by Islamic (...)

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UNCTAD and the Post 2015 Agenda

UNCTAD’s first policy brief on the post-2015 sustainable development agenda highlights the need to reform the global economic and financial system, if the goal of eradicating poverty is to become a reality. The opening paragraph of the Final Act of the first United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD I) reads in part: “The States participating in the Conference are determined... to find ways by which the human and material resources of the world may be harnessed for the (...)

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Are Developing Countries Waving or Drowning?

Yılmaz Akyüz More than five years since the outbreak of the global financial crisis, the world economy has shown few signs of stabilising and moving towards strong and sustained growth. While deleveraging continues to stifle private demand, economic activity is further restrained by a fiscal drag in the U.S. and Europe, as governments have turned to fiscal orthodoxy after an initial reflation. There has been excessive reliance on monetary policy, especially in the U.S., through provision of (...)

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Critique de livre: VOLLAND-NAIL, Patricia : Stratégies de publication scientifique

Emiliane Faye Documentaliste au CODICE Le livre de Patricia Volland-Nail s’est fixé comme objectif l’élaboration d’une stratégie de publication des résultats de recherche dans le contexte actuel de la communication scientifique en conformité avec les règles de l’éthique des publications. Publish or perish! Les chercheurs connaissent bien cette assertion. Mais, que publier ? Pourquoi publier ? Comment communiquer ses travaux de recherche ? Par où commencer quand il s’agit de publier un article de (...)

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ABOUT CODESRIA / À PROPOS du CODESRIA
The Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) is headquartered in Dakar, Senegal. It was established in 1973 as an independent pan-African research organisation primarily focusing on social sciences research in Africa. CODESRIA’s mission required the emergence of a pan-African community of researchers, the protection of their intellectual freedom and autonomy in performing their duties and the elimination of barriers regarding language, discipline, region, gender and generation. Le Conseil pour le développement de la recherche en sciences sociales en Afrique (CODESRIA) a son siège est à Dakar, au Sénégal. C’est une organisation panafricaine, indépendante de recherche en sciences sociales en Afrique. Elle a été créée en 1973. La mission du CODESRIA requérait l'émergence d'une communauté panafricaine de chercheurs, la protection de leur liberté intellectuelle et leur autonomie dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions et l'élimination des barrières linguistiques, de disciplines, régionales, de genre et générationnelles.
JOIN CODESRIA / REJOIGNEZ LE CODESRIA
CODESRIA is a membership organization open to Africa researchers and institutions. The status of individual or institutional member is reserved for institutions and individuals located in Africa. Institutions and individuals outside of Africa are being given the status of associate member. For further details, go to http://www.codesria.org/spip.php?article159&lang=en Le CODESRIA est une organisation ouverte aux chercheurs et aux institutions. Le statut de membre individuel ou institutionnel est réservé aux africains et aux institutions africaines. Les institutions et individus non-africains ont le statut de membre associé. Pour plus de détails, allez à http://www.codesria.org/spip.php?article159&lang=fr