During the Cold War years, while British colonialists were being driven out of East Africa, the first US intervention in the region occurred in Zanzibar. It proved to be a model - many aspects of which are being repeated in the ’War on Terror’.
In Britain, the attack on the upmarket Westgate shopping mall in Kenya in which 130 people lost their lives, is rapidly fading from public memory, already ascribed to just another act of ’mindless violence’ perpetrated by Islamic terrorists. But many Kenyans see things differently. Some regard it as the result of Kenya’s involvement  in a proxy war being fought in Somalia on behalf of Europe. Others highlight Israeli or American involvement. The facts support these analyses : the EU provides 124 million euros  for peacekeepers in Somalia ; a recent Israeli arms deal  with Kenya specifically mentioned fighting Al Shabaab ; and as for America, its role is an overarching one, in the words  of the US House of Representatives Armed Services Committee, it ’leverages local and indigenous forces [for use] ...aggressively and surgically in Africa and the Arabian peninsula... in close coordination with, and in support of, geographic combatant commander and U.S. embassy country team requirements’.